Injuries can happen in any sport and badminton is not an exception. You may think badminton is one of the safest game in the world because it doesn’t require so powerful movement like soccer, basketball or American football, but in fact, this is not true. Badminton has its own characteristics, in particular, badminton players use legs, knees, ankles, arms, wrists and eyes a lot with very high frequency and high speed. Therefore, injuries from minor to intense are always permanent concerns.
In this article, I want to introduce about some common injuries that usually happen in badminton. I divide them into two major types: Acute injuries and chronic injuries.
This is a very common injury in badminton. In fact, more than fifty percent of badminton injuries come from ankle sprains. This trauma is described as the stretching of the ligaments in the ankle. In worse situations, it can hurt the muscle, tendons, and even bones. Player’s ankle can be puffed with edema and bruised due to bleeding. It takes more than 5 months to heal totally. The reason causing this injury is wrong landing technique of the players. In particular, when their foot turns outwards or inwards during the landing process, or when they land on other player’s foot.
This is another common injury in badminton. It occurs when the meniscus, which lies in the center of the knee and has the function of absorbing shock in the joint, is broken. Because the meniscus plays as a soft cushion between the kneecap and shinbone, this injury damages the intersection line of the knee. Usually, the pain and the swelling ease off quickly for the majority of players. However, for few people, the knee may prone to knee locking, and they have to operate for healing.
This happens in every sport, not only in badminton. Muscle strain results from overstretching of muscles. For example, when players use overhead smashes suddenly. Muscles easily suffer from strain when they fatigue or overuse. The symptoms are pain (of course), swelling and bruising; in the worse situations, players can lost their muscle function.
Badminton players rarely suffer from fractures. Sometimes, they can occur when the racquet of one player hits the arm of another player, or when one player missteps on another player.
Basically, this chronic injury happens when the heel bone (also called as the Calcaneus) is inflamed. In the case of badminton, Achilles tendonitis is described as a degeneration of Achilles tendon, which is a the largest tendon in the body connecting the calf muscle and the heel, when players lack of leg warm-up exercise before they run and jump.
Tennis Elbow (or Lateral Epicondylosis)
Tennis Elbow is a damage in the tendons, occurs on the outer part of the elbow. Backhand strikes are the main reason causing this injury. It can be worst due to exercise that requires the change of the grip, or the deficiency of recovery.
Like Tennis Elbow, Golfer’s Elbow is also a damage in the tendons but at a different location. Instead of damaging the outer part of the elbow like Tennis Elbow, Golfer’s Elbow occurs on the inner part of the elbow.
Jumper’s Knee (or Patellar Tendonitis)
Repeated jumping and landing on rough surfaces is the main reason causing this trauma. It attracts the Patella Tendon which is located below the knee cap. Besides, Jumper’s Knee is also an overuse injury, this means that the deficiency of recovery is another factor causing the injury. Luckily, this injury is minor, but it can get worse if players keep training or competing.
Rotator Cuff Injury
This is one of the most terrible shoulder injuries that impact on badminton players over time when they use overhead shots. The rotator cuff is divided into 2 minor types: normal rotator cuff and torn rotator cuff. They both are acute ruptures that often associate with a splitting tear, parallel to the tendon fibers. Further stress and pressure can completely tear in more muscles in the hurt area.
Rotating the neck in various direction (for example, strike and smash exercises) with high frequency can cause extension between the neck and the normal angles. Some symptoms of neck sprains are severe neck pain, muscle spasms, …